MADRASAH IN ANATOLIA AND WHAT TURKS BROUGHT TO SCIENCE LIFE
Anadolu’da Medreseler ve Türklerin İlim Hayatına Kazandırdıkları

Author : Bahar BERBEROĞLU --
Number of pages : 01-30

Abstract

The Turks have supported scientific studies throughout history and have shown outstanding achievements in scientific studies. Especially during the Seljuk period Nizamiye Madrasas were established as an important State’s Education Policy and they created a milestone in Turkish history and civilization. During this period, Turks became the leader of Islam and produced important Islamic works. These madrasas, which were institutions of higher education, taught not only religious sciences, but also intellectual sciences such as mathematics, astronomy, geometry, medicine, physics, philosophy, literature and history. The best scientists of the period taught in these institutions and qualified people were raised. Scientists who escaped from the Mongol invasion took refuge in the Seljuk State, which had a strong political authority that protected science and scholars. The tradition of establishing this madrasah, initiated by the Great Seljuks, continued in Anatolia over time. During the Anatolian Principalities Period, which started after the Anatolian Seljuk State, the activities of establishing madrasahs continued and many them were established in many provinces of Anatolia. In this study, we examined these madrasas, which were built especially in Anatolia, in terms of the province, construction date, the person who built it and the types of education given. In addition, we continued our research on the scholars, artifacts, science field, period and the sovereignty period of Seljuks and we put this information into tables in detail. In this way, we summarized the information we produce from the literature by using the tabulation which is frequently used in descriptive statistics studies.

Keywords

Anatolian Seljuk State, Anatolian Principalities, madrasah, higher education

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